One of my searches on the internet for the name of Cory found two hits under the section ‘Literature and Language’ for Corey, John; A Cure for Jealousie. A comedy. As it was acted at the New Theatre in Little Lincolns-Inn-Fields, by His Majesty’s Servants (London, 1701) and The Metamorphosis: or, the Old Lover Out-witted. A farce. As it is now acted at the New Theatre in Lincolns-Inn-Fields. Written originally by the Famous Molière. (London, 1704).
It puzzles me that Corey’s requests for patronage were printed rather than hand-written but perhaps because of this they have survived for 300 years. I wonder what became of John Corey. Did he remain in London and continue with his interest in the theatre? Was he the playwright or producer? And more importantly to us, where did he come from? You will notice the usual confusion over spelling, Corey and Cory. Perhaps he was John Corey who had a house at Welton, Northamptonshire in 1676 or one of the John Corys of the Bramerton line born in Norfolk at that period. But there are many others in our records for that period so your guess is as good as mine!
Arthur Cory (1831-1903)
When Arthur Cory retired from the Bengal Army with honorary rank of Colonel he turned his eyes to a life of writing. As a captain he had already given vent to a poetical urge, producing lyrical verses remarkable not for their genius but for the fact that they all appeared at all – the average Army captain not publishing verse, even if he wrote it. The Reconquest (Parts I and II) may not have been a runaway best-seller in 1865 and 1868, but his Shadows of Coming Events, The Eastern Menace of 1876 (reprinted in 1881), with its fulminating warnings, in prose, against the advancing might of Russia created quite a stir in Government circles, earning him a lengthy review in the London Times. He also bought into the Civil & Military Gazette in Lahore, a semi-official government mouthpiece for the most part- and invested not only his money but his energies into making a success of the newspaper immortalised by its connection with the young Rudyard Kipling. He edited the paper in those early days and then in 1886 he moved to Karachi, founding the Sind Gazette. His daughter Isabel Edith Cory (1863-1912) took over the editorship of the Sind Gazette when her father was in poor health.
Adela Florence Cory (1865-1904)
Perhaps the most unconventional of them all was the poet Adela Florence Cory, who found fame in 1901 writing under the pseudonym ‘Laurence Hope’ and also under the pen-name Violet Nicolson. On 15 March 1902 the prestigious literary journal, The Athenaeum, brought the work of a new young poet to public attention Mr Laurence Hope’s book of verse, entitled The Garden of Kama, and other Love Lyrics from India.
Born in Clifton on 9 April 1865, and baptised at Stoke Bishop, Bristol on 15 May, Adela Florence Cory was the fourth child of Arthur and Elizabeth Fanny Cory. I have only found Adela in one British census: the 1881 Census Index shows Adela F Cory, age 15, scholar, with her sister, Isabel E Cory, age 17, in a school at Richmond, Surrey. The school had 33 pupils in total and was run by Jacques Philippart, Professor of Languages (born in Belgium) and his wife Marie Philippart.
A year later Adela had joined her father and two sisters in India. At 23, she married Malcolm Hassells Nicholson in the Registrar’s Office at Karachi, India, on 20 April 1889. He was 45 years old and at that time a Colonel in the Bombay Infantry. It is said that Adela married him after a whirlwind courtship and for the first eighteen months appears to have been a typical army wife. Then, family tradition has it, she cast her petticoats aside, disguised herself as a Pathan boy, and followed her husband’s regiment on a punitive expedition to the North-West. Adela travelled with him sharing Nicolson’s experiences among the border tribes, and storing up memories which one day would find expression in three remarkable books of poetry. For his services in the Zhob Valley campaign of 1890 he was again mentioned in despatches, and he was made C.B. in 1891.
From 1891 to 1894 Nicolson was aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria, and convention caught up with them as the Colonel’s promotion took them to Indore State, where as a Major-General, Nicolson was to command Mhow Division for five years, culminating in his promotion to Lieutenant-General in 1899. However, Adela still chose to dress unorthodoxly. Their son, Malcolm Josceline John Sinclair Nicolson, was born in Bombay in September 1900 after 11 years of marriage. On the Lieutenant-General’s retirement at the end of the year the family returned to England.
In 1900, Adela, who also used the name Violet Nicolson, began to publish her poetry under the pseudonym Laurence Hope. Her first collection, The Garden of Kama (1901), was initially presented as a translation by a man, but by 1901 she was unmasked. This caused avid speculation on the exact nature of Mrs Nicolson’s love life but by 1903 the Nicolsons were welcome additions to literary circles.
Financially, life in England didn’t go according to plan and they decided to return to cheaper living in India, leaving their son to be educated in healthier climes. After several months in the idyllic setting of Malabar Nicolson fell ill and within weeks he died. For two months Adela put her house in order before, at the age of 39, she committed suicide by swallowing corrosive perchloride of mercury. She was quickly buried in her husband’s grave at St. Mary’s Cemetery, The Island, Madras. Acquaintance Thomas Hardy wrote her obituary for the Athenaeum.
Hope left a posthumously published collection, Last Poems: Translations from the Book of Indian Love (1905). Her son, Malcolm Josceline Nicolson, later edited Selected Poems from the Indian Love Lyrics of Laurence Hope (1922).
She also wrote Stars of the Desert; An Indian Love;Beside the Shalimar.
Annie Sophie Cory (1868 – 1952)
Annie was the author of popular, racy, exotic novels under the pseudonyms Victoria Cross, Vivian Cory and V.C. Griffin. She published more than 20 popular novels under the pseudonym Victoria Cross. Her books were said to be the type of novel that should be read “behind closed doors” and that she was “poisoning the purity of British homes.” But in reality her books promote romantic love.
She was the third daughter of Colonel Arthur Cory and Fanny Elizabeth Griffin and was born at Rawalpindi, North West Frontier, India on 1 October 1868. She completed her education in England, passing her London University matriculation in 1888 aged 19, and the Intermediate Arts examination in 1890 although there is no record of her attending college or taking a degree.
She had her first piece, Theodora, a Fragment, published in the Yellow Book in 1895. In the same year she wrote The Woman Who Didn’t, a response to Grant Allen’s ‘s book The Woman Who Did. Her books sold well in England and America; some novels were translated into French, Italian and Norwegian but by the 1920’s her books were considered to be old-fashioned yet she was still writing up to 1937.
She never married, and after her father’s death she travelled widely on the Continent with her uncle, her mother’s brother, Heneage McKenzie Griffin. He was extremely wealthy having made his fortune through silver mines and real estates in America. After his death in Italy in 1939, she inherited his estate. It is said that she then fell in love with Leonard Bradford, an American consul in Marseilles, and gave him several large amounts of money. However, Annie remained single and settled in Monte Carlo to live with female friends. She died at The Clinic Capitanio, Milan on 2 August 1952.
(Matilda) Winifred Graham (1873-1950)
Winifred Graham was a prolific and popular British author and novelist. Her works include: On the Down Grade (1896), A Strange Solution (1896), When the Birds Begin to Sing (1897), The Great House of Castleton, and Patricia (1898), Meresia (1898), The Star Child (1898), Beautiful Mamma and Other Stories (1901), A Social Pretender (1901), The Zionists (1902), Angles, Devils, and Man (1904), Mayfair (1904), Wickedness in High Places (1905), Ezra: The Mormon (1907), World Without End (1907), Christian Murderers (also titled The Child of the Wilderness) (1908), Mary (1909), The Enemy of Woman (1910), The Love Story of a Mormon (1911), Her Husband’s Secret (1912), Sons of State (1912), The Sin of Utah (1912), The Pit of Corruption (1913), A Strange Solution (1914), Spectres of the Past (1917), Falling Waters (1919), Breakers on the Sand (1921), Sealed Women (1922), The Highway of God (1923), Eve and the Elders (1924), The Diamond Heels (1926), Consummated (1929), The Life of a Nobody (1932), Identity (1933), The Man Behind the Chair (1935), My Letters From Heaven (1940) and three autobiographies That Reminds Me (1945), Observations, Casual and Intimate (1947) and I Introduce (1948).
Born in Surrey on 21 April 1973 Matilida Winifred Graham was the second daughter of Robert George Graham (1845-1922) and his wife, Alice née Hackblock. Her father was a member of the Stock Exchange and a company director. Matilda and her sister, Alice, were taught at home by a private governess. Their home in 1881 was Albans Bank, Thames Street, Hampton, Kingston, Surrey. Her father was a noted breeder of dogs and an early supporter of the Association of Football.
Winifred married Theodore John Cory (1874-1961) at St Mary Abbots, Kensington. They resided at Old Place, The Green, Hampton Court, but later returned to the home of her childhood, St Albans Bank. Hampton, one of the riverside houses just above the Karsino. They did not have any children.
Winifred Cory died on 5 February 1950.The notice announcing her death reads, “deeply loved darling wife of Theodore, and sister-in-law of Robert Cory. Service at St Mary’s Church, Hampton, tomorrow (Wednesday) at 11 am. Cremation private, No flowers please.”
William T W (Bill) Cory.
Bill is one of the former members of the Cory Society committee. He was the area co-ordinator for Kent where his Cory family descends from Deal. Whilst tracing his pedigree back Bill discovered that his Corys originated from Northamptonshire. Bill was one of the earliest volunteers for the Cory Society DNA Project, and his DNA sample matched one from a Harpole Cory so proving the link between the Kent and Northampton Corys.
Bill is also well-known throughout the fans and ventilation industry and, after a career spanning many years, still travels the world lecturing. In 2005 Bill wrote and published Fans & Ventilation: A Practical Guide, a comprehensive, practical reference with a broad scope: types of fans, how and why they work, ductwork, performance standards, testing, stressing, shafts and bearings, with a comprehensive buyers’ guide to worldwide manufacturers and suppliers.
Two authors who certainly deserve a mention on this page are two keen Cory researchers who did so much to promote the name of Cory.
Michael Robert Cory (1925-2010) pictured left with his wife Frances, was the first Cory Society Archivist and together with Vernon Cory, co-wrote and published The English Corys, Their History & Distribution (1995) and The American Corys, Their Settlement & Dispersion in the United States & Canada (1991) on behalf of The Cory Society. Excerpts of The English Corys, Their History & Distribution can be found on this link. (All rights reserved)
Michael Cory, a descendant of Norfolk Corys followed this publication in 1999 by The Norfolk Corys, The Pedigree Tables Updated .
Vernon Cory (1917-2004) was descended from the Crowan/Cambourne lines of Cornwall. Vernon was the Founder Chairman of the Cory Society and arranged the first visit by the American Corys to Launceston in 1995. A tribute to Vernon was written by Michael Cory and published in August 2004 in The Cory Society Newsletter (No 34). Michael’s death and obituary was reported in the December 2010 Newsletter (No 53). See Newsletter page.