The Isle of Wight Corys
Henry Cory was the son of John Cory of Bodmin and Maria Roberts who married at St Austell in 1808. The couple had 6 children; Francis John, 1809; Sophia Roberts, 1811; Richard, 1813; Henry, 1816; Ellen, 1819 and Maria, 1820. John Cory in 1841 was a ‘maltser’ living with his wife and family at East Turnpike in St Austell. In the 1851 census he was listed as an ‘auctioneer‘, assisted by his daughter Sophia. His other two daughters were also still living at home, but both were teachers. John died later towards the end of the year at St Austell. He was 68 years old. His eldest son, Francis, a ‘scrivener‘ by trade, died in 1847 and another son, Richard, a customs officer, died two years later in 1849. Corys in Devon
Henry was a chemist who married Jane Rogers at Newport in 1838. She was the daughter of his partner, John Rogers. The partnership was dissolved on 29 Sep 1846 according to a report in Perry’s Bankrupt and Insolvent Gazette! However, under Henry, the shop at 139, High Street, Newport, continued to do well. Henry was still in charge in the 1861 census and now had his son, John Henry, to assist him. John Henry was born in May 1839, and proud father Henry had marked his arrival with a notice in the birth section of the Royal Cornwall Gazette, dated 10 May 1839: On Friday Last at Newport Isle of Wight, to Mrs Cory wife of Henry Cory, chemist & c., of a son, late of St Austell. Two years later, a daughter, Maria Jane, was born but it was a further sixteen years before a second son, Frances Albert, was born in 1857. A newspaper report later noted Henry’s demise, and gives the date of death as 31 March 1864, after a short illness, at 139 High St, Newport.
Henry’s daughter, Maria Jane, married William Tomkin Banks in 1869 in the Isle of Wight and they may have moved to St Austell, for his death is recorded there in 1875. Unfortunately, Maria Jane was not with her husband on the night of the 1871 census; she was visiting two of her husband’s sisters in Downshire Hill, St John, Hampstead so we don’t know anything about William. (There are a lot of William Banks in the 1871 census and I have nothing to work with.) By 1881 Maria Jane, now a widow, had a job in Cheadle teaching languages, returning by the night of the 1891 census to Channel View, Hope Road, Shanklin, and ‘living on her own means‘.
John Henry Cory continued his father’s business, marrying Louisa Inskipp in Camberwell in 1866 so that in the 1871 census the household consists of John, 31; Louisa, 27; his mother Jane, 54, annuitant; brother, Francis, 14, no occupation; two apprentices, Benjamin Kefford, 18 from Middlesex, and William Ashmall, 17, from Berkshire. They also had a servant, Alice Lewis, from Kent, who was 17. It is interesting to note that the apprentices weren’t local lads and presumably had seen the positions advertised in newspapers- perhaps that was how Henry Cory had come to work in Newport?
In 1881, John’s brother, Francis, had qualified as a Chemist and Druggist, and there was again an apprentice, Herbert G Hunt from Luton and another servant girl, Annie Harvey from Hampshire, both were 17. John’s mother still lived with them, but Louisa was not at home. I found her lodging in Hastings with Maria Hill, a young widow with 3 children, all of whom were marked as ‘scholars’ and oddly, so was Louisa! Maria née Inskipp was Louisa’s sister and had married Herbert Hill in 1864. Sadly, Louisa was not long for this world and died four years later. I can find no record of children born to John and Louisa. The Cory’s chemist shop (marked *) occupied only the right half of the building that later became Burtons Stores. The Town Hall, where John Cory would have stood on the balcony to hear the results of the poll announced, is only a few steps away and Warburton’s Hotel is just round the corner.
The Cory’s chemist shop (marked *) occupied only the right half of the building that later became Burtons Stores. The Town Hall, where John Cory would have stood on the balcony to hear the results of the poll announced, is only a few steps away and Warburton’s Hotel is just round the corner.
John like his father before him was a Conservative. An article in The Isle of Wight Observer, dated 17 Sep 1881, reports that John H Cory, being the only candidate nominated, was elected to the vacant seat on the Town Council. In the evening the Town Band turned out and enlivened our streets, and a Conservative meeting at Warburton’s Hotel, resolved itself into a convivial meeting, and all was gay when “Jonny came marching home.”
This was a much happier outcome to events than the previous year when shortly after the results of the poll were announced from the balcony of the Town Hall, the defeated Conservative candidate was being escorted along the High Street. George Johnson, a hawker, was tripped up as the crowd surged towards the candidate. Johnson alleged that John Cory, struck his head with a thick walking stick, causing him to fall down unconscious and cut his head badly. Johnson had two witnesses to corroborate his story, but two police men who escorted the candidate, saw the hawker stumble, but did not see anyone strike him. The bench considered that this threw sufficient doubt on the case and dismissed it, much to the dissatisfaction to the Liberals of the town.
John did not marry again until 1887, to a woman 25 years younger than him, Ada Rose Chinchen from East Cowes. Her father was a builder from Whippingham, Isle of Wight, with 8 children from two marriages, but John, as with his first marriage did not have children with Ada. In 1891 the couple were living in Queens Road, Chertsey, Surrey where John still gave his occupation as ‘Chemist‘, although it doesn’t look as if he was running a business at the premises- there were no apprentices and no servants. He later reported this period as retiring to private life owing to illness. However, there is a listing for him in 1893 in the Business Indexes of Britain, 1892-1987: Dispensing Chemist at 84 High St., Cowes. He took over this long established business in 1892. In an article about the Newport shop at 132 High Street, John Cory said that this was probably one of the oldest established pharmnacy in the Isle of Wight, having been in the Cory hands for fully a century. I was surprised at this, because the earliest I have noted was his father Henry. It was said in the newspaper article that his premises occupied a prime position on the High Street, comprising a three story building, having a full-fronted shop, a proportion of which was a show-room while the remainder was a dispensing laboratory. He inherited from the previous business patronage from the Royal family. He was said to have gained more than a merely local reputation for his tonic neuralgic pills, his quinine tonic, iron tonic and his effervescing fruit citrate. I remember that the latter was also mentioned in a court case, as being sold without an alcoholic licence, but was the case was once again found in Cory’s favour.
There is yet another newspaper article in 1892 about a court case brought by a fisherman at Niton, whose son had been delivering fish when he was bitten on the thigh by a dog owned by Cory, a chemist at Newport. Cory cauterised the wound (ouch!) and arranged for Dr Holman to attend it for a month. The boy’s father was now suing Cory for £50 damages. His Honour gave judgement for the plaintiff for £10 and costs.
Whilst John was in Chertsey, the shop in Newport was run by his brother Francis, now married to Emily. I have not been able to find their marriage record, so only know from census documents that Emily was born in 1863 at Kimmeridge, Dorset. In the 1891 census, there were two apprentices again; Herbert M Spour, 19 from Driffield, Yorkshire, and Edwin D Rogers, 16, from Essex. The domestic servant was recorded as Hunba Rose, just 16 and from Newport. Shockingly, Emily died and was buried on 2 Jan 1898 and then Francis died and was buried on 2 Jun 1898, both buried at St. Johns, Carisbrooke. (CARISBROOKE, a parish in the liberty of West Medina, Isle of Wight, 1 mile to the S.W. of Newport.) I found that Francis Albert’s probate was granted to Rose Marselsay, spinster, and Frank King, accountant, £1058.4s.9d. And this set me off in search of Rose Marselsay. I didn’t have far to look; she was the Hunba Rose, domestic servant in the 1891 census. Rose’s mother, Sarah Ann Marselsay, married George Humber in 1879 so Rose was using the surname Humber for a time, later reverting to Marselsay. I have found no family connection to a Cory; Rose was just there when Francis needed her. Rose married Herbert Charles Johnson in 1902 and had 4 sons and a daughter by 1911.
John and Ada returned home to Newport and were still at the shop in the 1901 census. The business was run by John and Ada, with 19-year old Nellie Gosling from Beaulieu, doing the housework. John again had an unfortunate brush with the law in 1906, and was taken to court for a slight technical offence, namely selling magnesia 13% deficient of the requirements of the British Pharmacoepia (of which he was an Associate.) John’s defence was that he had had the magnesia in the shop for a long time, and it had naturally lost weight through attracting moisture. The case was dismissed on payment of costs of 7s.6d.
John was 70 when he died on 14 July 1909. His address in St Thomas’s Church burial records was 88 The Mall, Newport. Ada went to live with John’s aunt, Maria Cory, who had not married and was living at Belle Vue Terrace, Bodmin Road, St Austell. She was the last of the 3 sisters, all unmarried, retired governesses in 1901, living at Belle Vue Terrace; Sophia, 90; Ellen, 83 and Maria, 80. I expect that their domestic servant, Annie Green, at 23 years old, had her work cut out looking after those three. Maria died aged 94 in 1915, naming Ada Rose Cory, widow, and her Bank Manager in the probate (Effects £3,140.19s.5d.) Maria left 200 shares in the Great Western Railway. I haven’t seen the will, so I don’t know if Ada inherited anything from Maria’s estate or was now in need of a home, because in 1916 Ada married Walter A Burn at Marylebone. I can only find a death for Ada R Burn in Surrey in 1960, although this record lists her age as 81, whereas Ada, who we know was born in 1866, would have been 94.
The updated pedigree table for this family is Tree 25: Bodmin; St Austell; Isle of Wight. However, the marriage of Henry Cory and Jane Rogers in 1838, resulted in three children, who left no issue. Henry Cory’s parents, John Cory and Maria Roberts, had 6 children, yet also left no issue. It does seem very unlucky!
Alexander Cory (1890, Dudley – 1973, Poole, Dorset)
The Venerable Alexander Cory was Archdeacon of the Isle of Wight. He was born into an ecclesiastical family on 19 March 1890, and was educated at St John’s School, Leatherhead, Keble College, Oxford and Ripon College Cuddesdon. His family descends from the Great Yarmouth Corys in Norfolk and can trace their roots back to Bramerton. (English Corys:Tree A6 NT/11a) There are many articles in the Cory Newsletters about this family, the most notable being the Great Yarmouth Bridge Disaster in 1845. (See Norfolk page)
Born into an ecclesiastical family on 19 March 1890, Alexander was the son of Alexander Arthur Cory (1853 Durham-1922, Yoxall, Staffs) sometime Vicar of Tipton, and Clara Louise Thornhill (1854-1952) who married on 3 July 1881 at St Giles, Willenhall. His paternal grandfather was the architect, John Augustus Cory (1819 Great Yarmouth-1887 Botcherby) and his maternal grandfather was the surgeon, John Howells Thornhill. John Augustus Cory was one of 14 children of Robert Cory (1876 Burgh Castle- 1840 Lambeth) and Ann Preston (1777-1841 Great Yarmouth). John Augustus and his wife, Emily Ann Holl (1822-1891) had 9 children of their own. Alexander being the 6th.
Alexander had two sisters, Dorothy Augusta (1882- abt 1957) and Mary (1884-1972). The sisters never married. Dorothy Cory became a Nun of the Community of the Resurrection, and she taught at Rusape, Southern Rhodesia. Mary Cory, was a teacher of Lichfield, Staffordshire who afterwards lived in an Old Peoples Home in Windsor, Berkshire where she died in 1972. There is a record of Mary’s CV with the Teachers Registration Council.
Alexander was educated at St John’s School, Leatherhead, Keble College, Oxford and Ripon College, Cuddesdon. In 1910 he went up to Oxford, where he met Dorothy Barnard and got engaged. Alexander was a rower but appendicitis prevented him rowing for Oxford in the boat race. He was ordained in 1914 and was given a curacy at Portsea and during World War I became a temporary Chaplain to the Forces.
After a long engagement, Alexander married Dorothy Frances Barnard (1890-1958) in 1917 in the Tamworth District. Her father was Canon Charles William Barnard (b 1856) of Manchester and Provincial Grand Master for Manchester and Grand Superintendent of Warwickshire (1918-1928).
Alexander was Rector of Burton Overy, Leicestershire from 1919 to 1923 and his first child, a son, Paul Alexander Barnard, (Table A18 NU) was born there on 14 Dec 1921. Their daughter Joan Mary Barnard was born on 6th Feb 1924 at Hardingstone, when Alexander was Vicar of St Mary’s, Far Cotton from 1923 until 1928. His son, Paul Alexander Barnard Cory (1921-1973) and his daughter, Joan Mary Barnard Cory, born in 1924, were both born at Hardingstone. He then moved on to be Vicar of Fareham for a decade and then was the incumbent at Hayling Island until 1946.
Moving to the Isle of Wight, he was Vicar of All Saints, Ryde, from 1946 to 1952, when he became Archdeacon of the whole island. He was a member of the Royal Victorian Yacht Club, Ryde. Sadly, it was there that Dorothy died, aged 67 years, on January1958.
Alexander’s second wife was Kathleen Emily, a Canadian, born in 1912. Their marriage is recorded in the September quarter of 1958 on Isle of Wight. The Venerable Alexander Cory died in 1973 at Poole, Dorset but his ashes were interred in the churchyard at Ryde.
Alexander’s youngest brother was the Venerable Charles Page Cory. An excellent history of his family can be found at the Campsea Ashe Heritage website: www.campseaashechurch.org.uk